COAST- Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research

Regional (Bio-)Energy Solutions

Regionale Energielösungen

© [Wolfgang Jargstorff] / []

The influence of renewable energy is becoming more and more visible since the “Energiewende”. In contrast to the inexhaustible energy provider sun, wind and water, bioenergy is limited to the available biomass. It is necessary to assess the supply chain of biomass in the area for efficient usage of raw materials for bioenergy. The regional focus is therefore of high importance for the successful delivery of bioenergy.


  • Energy concepts in regional context
  • Economical and regional Assessment
  • Sustainable supply chain of biomass
  • Mapping of bioenergy potentials

Running Projects

in progress

Completed Projects


Collaborative innovations: The use of external knowledge in inter-firm development processes

Funding body: Volkswagen Foundation within the funding initiative at the Lower Saxony Ministry for Science and Culture entitled "Niedersächsisches Vorab"

Main focus: Investigation of distributed innovation processes in the fields of renewable energy and information technology.

Project duration: 01.04.2013 - 31.03.2016

Institutions: ZENARiO

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Institutionally and technologically consistent energy strategies for a centralized or decentralized oriented energy policy in Germany

Funding body: BMBF

Main focus: Development of a differentiated understanding of decentralization and centralization regarding network expansion and electricity generation. The development of technologically, economically and institutionally consistent energy strategies for the transformation of the German energy system. A deeper understanding of the limits, possibilities and interdependencies of decentralized and centralized design options of the energy transition. A contribution for the further social and political dialogue.

Project duration: October 2013 - September 2016

Institutions: CENTOS

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Transformative potential of energy cooperatives

Funding body: BMBF

Main focus: The overarching aim of EnGeno is to assess and describe the transformative potential of ECs within the energy system as a whole at the level of staff (employees), organisational structure and the energy system itself as well as to devise and, in specific cases, to use and disseminate information and advisory material.

Project duration: October 2013 - September 2016

Institutions: CENTOS


Comparaison des systèmes d'innovation territoriale énergétique en France et en Allemagne
(Vergleich von regionalen Innovationssystemen im Energiesektor in Frankreich und Deutschland)

Funding body: ADEME (Agence de l’Environnement et de la Maitrise de l’Energie)

Main focus: This project investigates the restructuration of regions as they try to meet these renewable energy aims in a comparative perspective. It applies the approach of regional innovation systems to give a full account of all the involved bargaining processes and the entailed institutional change

Project duration: 2012 - 2013

Institutions: ZENARiO


Funding body: Land Niedersachsen

Main focus: Das Projekt adressierte die Konzeption und prototypische Implementierung von Software-Werkzeugen, die kommunalplanerische Entscheidungsprozesse mit einer Systembetrachtung der Energieversorgung koppeln und deren Auswirkungen simulativ ermitteln. Dadurch wurde eine Überprüfung der Effekte planerischer Entscheidungen und kommunaler Vorgaben auf die Energieversorgung ermöglicht und die Voraussetzung für eine Optimierung geschaffen. Der Main focus in diesem Projekt lag auf der Stromversorgung.

Project duration: 01.07.2010 - 30.06.2013

Institutions: CEM

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Groen Gas

Eliminating the bottlenecks in the process chain of Biogas production

Funding body: EU - Interreg IV A

Main focus at the University of Oldenburg: Sustainability assessment

Project duration: February 2011 – June 2014

Institutions: COAST

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HEC - Hansa Energy Corridor

Development of a transnational energy-excellence-region with German and Dutch actors from academia, business and politics on various energy-related topics

Funding body: EU - Interreg IV A

Main focus at the University of Oldenburg: Wind and bio energy

Project duration: until March 2013

Institutions: COAST

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HTC – Hydrothermale Karbonisierung

Lower Saxony produces carbon - innovation network for hydrothermal carbonization (HTC)

Funding body: EFRE

Main focus: Production of biochar from biomass by using Hydrothermal Carbonization (HTC)

Lautzeit: April 2011 - March 2014

Institutions: ForWind, ZENARiO

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PC - Power Cluster

Developing the North Sea offshore energy region

Funding body: EU - Interreg IV B

Main focus: Use of the wind energy potential of the open North Sea

Project duration: July 2008 – June 2011

Institutions: COAST, ForWind, ZENARiO

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Smart Nord

Intelligente Netze Norddeutschland

Funding body: Niedersächsische Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kultur

Main focus: Erstellung von Beiträgen zur koordinierten, dezentralen Bereitstellung von Wirkleistung, Regelleistung und Blindleistung in den Verteilnetzen.

Project duration: March 2012 – February 2014

Institutions: CENTOS