COAST- Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research

Climate Adaptation


© [Michael Kleyer]

Climate Change poses new challenges for societies. Besides measures of mitigation, adaptation strategies are needed that take the different sectors of societies into account. The development and implementation of these strategies need to be developed collaboratively by different stakeholders and disciplines as well as in international cooperation in order to meet various competing claims in a region or between regions.


  • Agriculture / Food security
  • Tourism
  • Energy
  • Resource distribution
  • Land use

COAST works on these topics in trans- and interdisciplinary contexts and in close cooperation with universities and partners in the global South, especially in Africa.

Running Projects

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Interdisciplinary approach to functional biodiversity research (IBR)

Funding body: ministry of science and culture (MWK) of Lower Saxony

Main focus: Understanding the response of biodiversity to the pressures of global change and its role for ecosystem functions requires integrative research across basic ecology, evolutionary biology and theory as well as interdisciplinary approaches to biodiversity conservation and management. The Research Training Group (RTG) "IBR: Interdisciplinary approach to functional biodiversity research" is aiming to investigate biodiversity in over-arching approaches across terrestrial and marine habitats studying microbes, primary producers, and higher-level consumers focusing on the link between biodiversity and ecosystem processes.

Project duration: January 2015 - December 2017

Institutions: CEM, ICBM



The Board Game on Climate Change

Main Focus: Within KEEP COOL each player takes a role within global climate politics. You have to put through economic interests, e.g. of the USA and its partners or of the Developing Countries. Yet you must not forget the strong lobby groups in your country like the oil industry or environmental groups as they also decide whether you win or loose. Freely following the motto 'jeopardise the climate,' players are free to influence climate policies as well as corporate decision making.

Institutions: CENTOS

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ZenTra - AG II "ZenTraClim": Climate Change and transnational Politics

Funding body: ZenTraClim is a joint initiative of Stiftung Mercator, the Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg and the University of Bremen.

Main focus: Working Group "ZenTraClim" (WG II) deals with the role for climate change of transnational activities and of the formation of norms both at the individual and the collective level.

Project duration: 01.01.2013 – 31.12.2017

Institutions: CEM, CENTOS

Completed Projects



Sustainable Coastal Land Management: Trade-offs in Ecosystem Services

Funding body: BMBF

Main focus: The collaborative research project will perform an inter- and transdisciplinary investigation of four land management scenarios, applied to coastal regions along the North Sea and the Baltic Sea in Germany. COMTESS will quantify and evaluate the performance of multiple ecosystem functions and services in each scenario in socio-economic and ecological terms.

Project duration: October 2010 - December 2016

Einrichtungen: COAST, CEM, ZENARiO


Entwicklung nachhaltiger Anpassungsstrategien für die Infrastrukturen der Wasserwirtschaft unter den Bedingungen des klimatischen und demographischen Wandels tige Landnutzung in Küstenregionen in Zeiten des beschleunigten Klimawandels entwickeln, bewerten und in der Praxis umsetzen

Funding body: BMBF

Main focus: Anpassungsstrategien der Wasserwirtschaft an den Klimawandel

Project duration: 2013 - 2016

Einrichtungen: CENTOS, ZENARiO

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Network for Innovation and Entrepreneurship in Times of Climate Change

Funding body: German Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety and co-financed by the Metropolitan Region Bremen-Oldenburg in the Northwest e.V. as well as the city of Oldenburg

Main focus: NIK's goal is to cooperate with regional actors in identifying innovative solutions for adapting to the consequences of climate change and supporting ideas for start-ups. The focus of the work is on expanding existing innovation centers and business incubators by adding consulting services concerning climate change and adaptation.

Project duration: 01.07.2013 - 30.09.2016

Einrichtungen: CENTOS

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Adaptation to climate change in the utility sector - analysis and development of options for business and political action

Funding body: BMBF

Main focus: The Chameleon Research Group focuses its attention on the political framework which strongly influences adaptation strategies in the utility sector. Chameleon investigates the way in which companies in the energy and transport sector adapt to climate change. The key issue is to identify the factors which foster or hinder this adaptation process. Chameleon is making an important contribution to adaptation theory by systematically generalizing the results. This gives companies, politicians and government agencies the tools they need to effectively develop and implement an adaptation roadmap.

Project duration: November 2009 - October 2013

Einrichtungen: CENTOS

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The North-South-Network on Climate Proofing of Vulnerable Regions

Funding body: DAAD

Main focus: Interdisciplinary cooperation project for adaptation strategies to climate change between the Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg (UO), the Tanzanian University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM) and the South African Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU)

Project duration: November 2010 - December 2014

Einrichtungen: COAST

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Combined functions in coastal defence zones

Funding body:  EU - Interreg

Main focus: Entwicklung von (i) Herangehensweisen und (ii) Konzepten für die Anwendung multifunktionaler Küstenschutzzonen im südlichen Nordseeraum. Dabei liegt der Fokus auf Anpassungsmaßnahmen, die sich von linienhaften zu flächenhaften Küstenschutzsystemen bewegen, Küstenschutz als Bestandteil einer integrierten Raumplanung, Szenarienentwicklung, sozio-ökonomisch-ökologische Bewertung und die Beteiligung aller relevanten Nutzergruppen.

Project duration: April 2004 - December 2007

Einrichtungen: COAST

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CPA - Climate Proof Areas

Development and implementation of strategies for adaptation to climate change at the communal and county level

Funding body: EU - Interreg IV B

Main focus: In this project we brought together scientific data on the regional effects of climate change, policy recommendations how adaptation can be realized, innovative technical solutions on the ground and a toolkit for drawing up your own adaptation plan.

Project duration: October 2008 - December 2011

Einrichtungen: COAST, ZENARiO



KLIFF-IMPLAN – Klimafolgenforschung in Niedersachsen, Forschungs- und Querschnittsthema 2: IMPLAN – IMplementierung von Ergebnissen aus KLIFF in der räumlichen PLANung in Niedersachsen

Funding body: Niedersächsischen Ministerium für Wissenschaft und Kultur aus Mitteln der Stiftung Volkswagenwerk

Main focus: IMPLAN ist ein querschnittsorientiertes Forschungsthema im durch niedersächsische Landesmittel geförderten Forschungsverbund „KLIFF – Klimafolgenforschung in Niedersachsen“. Ziel von IMPLAN ist es, die Ergebnisse der übrigen KLIFF-Forschungsthemen im Dialog mit Expertinnen und Experten aus Raumwissenschaften und Planungspraxis hinsichtlich ihrer raumplanerischen Relevanz zu analysieren. Darauf aufbauend sollen konkrete Handlungsempfehlungen für den Umgang mit den Folgen des Klimawandels in der niedersächsischen Landes- und Regionalplanung erarbeitet werden.

Project duration: January 2009 - May 2014

Einrichtungen: ZENARiO, ICBM



Perspectives for Climate-Adapted Innovation Processes in the Metropolitan Region in north-western Germany

Funding body: BMBF

Main focus: This practice-oriented research project aims to increase the ability of the Metropolitan Area Bremen-Oldenburg to deal with climate change in selected fields and to implement measures into regional planning and development processes. The Northwest German region is among the selected model regions in Germany that are supported by “Creating Climate Change-Ready Regions (KLIMZUG)”.

Project duration: 01.02.2009 - 31.03.2014

Einrichtungen: CENTOS

SSP: Speichern statt Pumpen

Funding body: Bundesamt für Naturschutz aus Mitteln des Bundesministeriums für Umwelt, Naturschutz und Reaktorsicherheit

Main focus: Ziel des Projektes ist es, regionale klimawandelbedingte Veränderungen im niedersächsischen Küstenbereich sowie deren Folgen für das regionale Wassermanagement zu identifizieren und alternative Handlungsoptionen aufzuzeigen.

Project duration: 01.02.2009 bis 28.02.2010

Einrichtungen: COAST


Vector borne infections: risk based and cost efficient surveillance systems

Funding body: Federal Office for Agriculture and Food

Main focus: The aim of the EU-research project VICE is the development of a computer-based surveillance system that allows a continuous estimation of the outbreak risk of such diseases. Thus, in times of high outbreak risk fast and specific preventive actions are possible.

Project duration: April 2012 - December 2015

Institutions: ZENARiO




Funding body: EU - Interreg IV B

Main focus: WaterCap baut auf den Ergebnissen vorangegangener Interreg-Nordsee Projekte auf und entwickelt sie weiter. Dabei stehen wasserbezogene Themenbereiche beispielsweise in Bezug auf Menge und Qualität, eine Impaktanalyse von Klimaveränderungen auf den Wasserkreislauf und die Entwicklung von Anpassungsstrategien im Vordergrund. Die gemeinsamen Erkenntnisse werden an europäische Entscheidungsträger aus Politik und Wirtschaft kommuniziert.

Project duration: October 2011 - March 2013

Einrichtungen: COAST